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The Meanings of Health and its Promotion

Details: The Constitution of the World Health Organization, which came into force on April 7, 1948, defined health “as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.” The writers of the Constitution were clearly aware of the tendency of seeing health as a state dependent on the presence or

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Concepts and definitions of health and health-related

Details: Health is an aspect interwoven with all other aspects of life, everyday life, working life, family life, and community life. Health is viewed a resource and a total, personal, situation-specific phenomenon. Absence of disease is not enough – the life situation as a whole must be taken into consideration.

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Health and wellness

Details: Health and wellness are terms that are often interchanged, but their origins and meanings are different . As established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the 1940s, health is referred to as, “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity .”

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Education Improves Public Health and Promotes Health Equity

Details: First, health is a prerequisite for education: hungry children or children who cannot hear well, or who have chronic toothaches, eg, are hindered in their learning. 5 Second, education about health (ie, health education) occurs within schools and in many public health interventions; it is a central tool of public health. 6 Third, physical

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Factors That Affect Health-Care Utilization

Details: ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE. Access to health care is defined as having timely use of personal health services to achieve the best possible health outcome ().Access requires gaining entry into the health-care system, getting access to sites of care where patients can receive needed services, and finding providers who meet the needs of patients and with whom patients can develop a relationship based

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Microbes and mental health: A review

Details: There is a growing emphasis on the relationship between the microorganisms inhabiting the gut (gastrointestinal microbiota) and human health. The emergence of a microbiota-gut-brain axis to describe the complex networks and relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and host reflects the major influence this environment may have in brain health and disorders of the central nervous

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Practice informs the next generation of behavioral health

Details: Specialized interventions, such as police and jail diversion, mental health courts, specialized probation, forensic assertive community treatment, designed to engage justice-involved persons with serious mental illnesses, have expanded over the past two decades. Some of these "first generation" inte …

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Concussion Symptom Underreporting Among Incoming National

Details: Affiliations 1 Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.; 2 Department of Cardiology - Critical Care, New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY.; 3 Atlantic Sports Health, Morristown, NJ.; 4 Real Prevention, LLC, Clifton, New Jersey; and.; 5 Department of Kinesiology and Health, Rutgers, The State University of New

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Theorizing Time in Abortion Law and Human Rights

Details: In health, the article explores how international human rights law sets standards of legitimacy for abortion law as health regulation, welcoming gestational limits to the extent they are necessary to ensure safe and quality abortion services as a health intervention. Human rights thus call for abortion laws to be evidence-based to counter the

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Today’s Health Problems and Health Education

Details: Health education and health educators will be expected to contribute to the reduction of the negative impact of such major health problems as heart disease, cancer, dental disease, mental illness and other neurological disturbances, obesity, accidents, and the adjustments necessary to a productive old age.

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Water, Hydration and Health

Details: The AI for different population groups was set as the median water intake in populations from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, whose intake levels varied greatly based on the survey years (e.g., NHANES 1988–94 vs NHANES 1999–2002) and also were much higher than the USDA surveys (e.g., 1989–91, 1994–98, or 2005–6).

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Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health

Details: Social relationships—both quantity and quality—affect mental health, health behavior, physical health, and mortality risk. Sociologists have played a central role in establishing the link between social relationships and health outcomes, identifying explanations for this link, and discovering social variation (e.g., by gender and race) at the population level.

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Summary of the Public Health System in the United States

Details: This section summarizes the organization of health agencies, the range of activities carried out by them, and their use and allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local levels. When possible, the range of activities of health agencies are categorized by the functions of public health as outlined in Chapter 2: assessment, policy development and leadership, and assurance of access to

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Optimism and Its Impact on Mental and Physical Well-Being

Details: OPTIMISM AND PHYSICAL HEALTH. Despite the small number of studies published on this matter, the relation between physical health and optimism is as important as that between optimism and mental health described above. Many studies have found that optimism is correlated with better physical well-being compared to pessimism.

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Impact of Incarceration on Health

Details: As reported by several participants, individuals enter correctional facilities with many health problems; and incarceration has an impact on their health. Evidence was presented that many are released (especially from jails, given the high turnover rate)—and too often are re-incarcerated—with pressing health needs. Participants in the workshop discussed the impact of incarceration on

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Health needs assessment : Development and importance of

Details: Health needs assessment is a new phrase to describe the development and refinement of well established approaches to understanding the needs of a local population. In the 19th century the first medical officers for health were responsible for assessing the needs of their local populations.

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Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Details: A number of integrative health organizations encourage members to model healthy lifestyle behaviors, including the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine 40 and the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians. 41 Among some integrative health educational institutions, a culture of wellness exists, where healthy food choices are readily

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Adverse Health Effects of Marijuana Use

Details: Second-hand exposure is an important public health issue in the context of tobacco smoking, but we do not have a clear understanding of the effects of second-hand exposure to marijuana smoking. 76 Studies in states (e.g., Colorado, California, and Washington) and countries (e.g., Uruguay, Portugal, and the Netherlands) where social and legal

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Social Determinants and Health Behaviors: Conceptual

Details: Health behaviors are frequently discussed as individual-level behaviors, but they can be measured and summarized for individuals, groups, or populations. Health behaviors are dynamic, varying over the lifespan, across cohorts, across settings, and over time. With smoking in the U.S, for example, the likelihood of initiation varies with age.

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Public Health and Medical Care Systems

Details: One explanation for the health disadvantage of the United States relative to other high-income countries might be deficiencies in health services. Although the United States is renowned for its leadership in biomedical research, its cutting-edge medical technology, and its hospitals and specialists, problems with ensuring Americans’ access to the system and providing quality care have been a

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The Impact of Social and Cultural Environment on Health

Details: Health is determined by several factors including genetic inheritance, personal behaviors, access to quality health care, and the general external environment (such as the quality of air, water, and housing conditions). In addition, a growing body of research has documented associations between social and cultural factors and health (Berkman and Kawachi, 2000; Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).

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Privacy Versus Public Health: The Impact of Current

Details: Public health research and practice often have been facilitated through the evaluation and study of population-based data collected by local, state, and federal governments. However, recent concerns about identify theft, confidentiality, and patient privacy

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STRUCTURAL RACISM AND HEALTH INEQUITIES

Details: Health inequities are seen in many outcomes, including infant mortality, heart disease, and cancer (Sondik et al., 2010). A century ago, W. E. B. Du Bois (2003) recognized the connection between societal inequities and health inequities, raising several central arguments related to racism, poverty

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Labor Unions: A Public Health Institution

Details: Public health research also should include a systematic review of the literature, including the gray (non–peer-reviewed) literature on unions and health and both the challenges and the facilitating factors involved in this work. Second, the public health community at large should enter into greater dialogue and partnership with organized labor.

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Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and

Details: 1. Introduction. The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES)and health has been studied for a long time. In the 1960s, academics generally believed that with medical technology and economic development, health inequality would be reduced, at least in developed countries [].However, in the 1980s, Black found that health inequality in Britain has not only not diminished, but …

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Technology and the Future of Healthcare

Details: Health 2.0. There are many areas where the scale and unit profits of the healthcare market will drive technical developments. Collectively, this technology-driven progress in healthcare is sometimes called Health 2.0, to distinguish it from what we are doing now – Health 1.0. While Health 2.0 is exciting, it is sobering to realize that

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What Is Population Health

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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Dimensions of wellness: Change your habits, change your life

Details: People often think about wellness in terms of physical health — nutrition, exercise, weight management, etc., but it is so much more. Wellness is a holistic integration of physical, mental, and spiritual well-being, fueling the body, engaging the mind, and nurturing the spirit ().Although it always includes striving for health, it’s more about living life fully (), and is “a lifestyle

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Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness

Details: Physical fitness is a set of attributes that are either health- or skill-related. The degree to which people have these attributes can be measured with specific tests. These definitions are offered as an interpretational framework for comparing studies that relate physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness to health.

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INTERMITTENT FASTING AND HUMAN METABOLIC HEALTH

Details: Health outcomes of interest are changes in weight and metabolic parameters associated with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. We also present an overview of the major mechanisms hypothesized to link fasting regimens with human health: (1) circadian biology, (2) the gastrointestinal microbiota, and (3) modifiable lifestyle

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Long-term effects of a ketogenic diet in obese patients

Details: Obesity has become a serious chronic disease in both developing and developed countries. Furthermore, it is associated with a variety of chronic diseases (1–4).It is estimated that in the United States alone approximately 300,000 people die each year from obesity-related diseases (5,6).Different methods for reducing weight using reduced calorie and fat intake combined with exercise have

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Health systems in India

Details: Public health-care infrastructure in India. India has a mixed health-care system, inclusive of public and private health-care service providers. 6 However, most of the private health-care providers are concentrated in urban India, providing secondary and tertiary care health-care services. The public health-care infrastructure in rural areas has been developed as a three-tier system based on

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What is “community health”

Details: Introduction. The evolution of public health has led to substantial changes in approaches to improving the health of members of communities. In the United States, these changes reflect the influence of many community-centered health developments, including the creation of national-level programs enacted by Congress, the establishment of dedicated governmental units at federal and state levels

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Types of intervention and their development

Details: This book is about the evaluation of the effectiveness of health-related interventions. We use the term ‘intervention’ to apply to any activity undertaken with the objective of improving human health by preventing disease, by curing or reducing the severity or duration of an existing disease, or by restoring function lost through disease or injury.

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Impact of Lifestyle on Health

Details: Exercise: For treating general health problems, the exercise is included in life style . The continuous exercise along with a healthy diet increases the health. Some studies stress on the relation of active life style with happiness (7, 8). Sleep: One of the bases of healthy life is …

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The Hidden Dangers of Fast and Processed Food

Details: Overview. The fundamental concern as we look to reform health in America is the known reality that most chronic diseases that afflict Americans are predominantly lifestyle induced; and the belief is that the vast majority of heart attacks and strokes could be prevented if people were willing to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors.

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Fiber and Prebiotics: Mechanisms and Health Benefits

Details: World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization. Recognizing the possible beneficial effect of prebiotics in food, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) convened a Technical meeting to start work on the evaluation of the functional and health properties of prebiotics . A prebiotic is defined by the FAO as

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Effects of Health Insurance on Health

Details: This chapter presents the Committee's review of studies that address the impact of health insurance on various health-related outcomes. It examines research on the relationship between health insurance (or lack of insurance), use of medical care and health outcomes for specific conditions and types of services, and with overall health status and mortality. There is a consistent, positive

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Global Health – emergence, hegemonic trends and biomedical

Details: Global Health has increasingly gained international visibility and prominence. First and foremost, the spread of cross-border infectious disease arouses a great deal of media and public interest, just as it drives research priorities of faculty and academic programmes. At the same time, Global Health has become a major area of philanthropic action.

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A Comprehensive Review of Apples and Apple Components and

Details: There has been a growing appreciation and understanding of the link between fruit and vegetable consumption and improved health. Research has shown that biologically active components in plant-based foods, particularly phytochemicals, have important potential to modulate many processes in the development of diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, pulmonary disorders

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The Root Causes of Health Inequity

Details: Health inequity, categories and examples of which were discussed in the previous chapter, arises from social, economic, environmental, and structural disparities that contribute to intergroup differences in health outcomes both within and between societies. The report identifies two main clusters of root causes of health inequity. The first is the intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional

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The Health Impact of Child Labor in Developing Countries

Details: Health indicators, such as health status, and health determinant indicators, which give information about the health of a community or population relative to some criteria or in comparison with other communities or populations, were obtained from the World Development Indicators, the Global Burden of Disease Study,28 and the life tables for 191

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The State of Health Disparities in the United States

Details: HEALTH DISPARITIES. For the purposes of this report, health disparities are differences that exist among specific population groups in the United States in the attainment of full health potential that can be measured by differences in incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions ().While the term disparities is often used or interpreted to reflect

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Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G

Details: Evaluation of health risks in Switzerland. Several Swiss citizens have brought to our attention that Associate Professor Martin Röösli is the chair of two important government expert groups in Switzerland (directeur), despite possible COIs and a history of misrepresentation of science (22,23).These groups are Beratende Expertengruppe NIS (BERENIS; the Swiss advisory expert …

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The relation of physical activity and exercise to mental

Details: Mental disorders are of major public health significance. It has been claimed that vigorous physical activity has positive effects on mental health in both clinical and nonclinical populations. This paper reviews the evidence for this claim and provides

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The One Health Approach—Why Is It So Important

Details: The One Health concept clearly focusses on consequences, responses, and actions at the animal–human–ecosystems interfaces, and especially (a) emerging and endemic zoonoses, the latter being responsible for a much greater burden of disease in the developing world, with a major societal impact in resource-poor settings [12,13]; antimicrobial resistance (AMR), as resistance can arise in

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