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BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health

Details: BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health. is an open access, peer-reviewed nutrition journal publishing the latest evidence-based research on the impact of nutrition and lifestyle on the health of individuals and populations. The journal publishes robust research on the key determinants of health including the social, economic, and physical

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Nutrition, immunity and COVID-19

Details: Health 2020;0. doi:10.1136/ bmjnph-2020-000085 School of Human Development and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK Correspondence to Dr Philip C Calder, Human Development and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; [email protected] soton. ac. uk Received 14 April 2020 Accepted 30 April

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Nutrition, immunity and COVID-19 BMJ Nutrition

Details: In agreement with this, data from the US Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey which included 18 883 adults showed an independent inverse association between serum 25(OH)-vitamin D and recent upper respiratory tract infection.83 Other studies also report that individuals with low vitamin D status have a higher risk of viral

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Opportunities for innovation in nutrition education for

Details: Going forward from this unprecedented worldwide coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) health crisis, which has devasted the lives of many and shattered economies around the world, we should hopefully emerge with a renewed recognition of importance of a robust public health systems to support the health and well-being of populations. This pandemic has the potential to be a stimulus for

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Association between severity of COVID-19 symptoms and

Details: Diet is significant for health and can be either a protective or a risk factor for the development of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus,1 hypertension,2 other endocrinological diseases3 and renal diseases.4 Diet also plays a major role in the pathogenesis of infectious respiratory diseases, such as tuberculosis5 and viral

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From observation to intervention: time to put ‘food and

Details: Mental ill health is the result of a complex, multifactorial aetiology, unique to each individual, but with a universally detrimental effect on society. It has been estimated that suffering from depression can shorten healthy life years, with an impact comparable to smoking.3 In 2009/2010, the estimated costs of mental health problems in

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Time for nutrition in medical education BMJ Nutrition

Details: Results We pooled five heterogeneous sources of information, representing 853 participants. Most agreed on the importance of nutrition in health (>90%) and in a doctor’s role in nutritional care (>95%). However, there was less desire for more nutrition education in doctors (85%) and …

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Hidden curriculum within nutrition education in medical

Details: Several participants stated health providers that could provide nutrition care to the patients in the case studies, including family physicians, dietitians and diabetes educators. The Dietitians were just as equal a member of the team, as the Consultant, as the Physios, as the Dialysis Nurses.

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Impact evaluation of the efficacy of different doses of

Details: Background Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is a public health problem in Pakistan and is prevalent among most women of reproductive age in the country. Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy is suggested to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes and vitamin D deficiency in both the mother and her newborn. Methods We conducted a double-blinded, randomised controlled trial in …

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Closing the gap: data-based decisions in food, nutrition

Details: Introduction Like many of the biological sciences, nutrition has rapidly become a science which relies heavily on data collection, analysis and presentation. Knowledge gaps exist where data does not, and so the fifth annual International Summit on Medical and Public Health Nutrition Education and Research was held to address the theme of ‘Closing the Gap: Data-based Decisions in Food

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Nutrition is key to global pandemic resilience BMJ

Details: Novel nutrition education is needed now, to educate future public health nutrition leaders as well as other health workers with a non-nutritional background to get a deeper understanding of food and the proper skills and toolsets to work with the public.20 This is the focus of another important collection of papers in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention

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Misclassification of coffee consumption data and the

Details: Background Associations of coffee consumption with multiple health outcomes have been researched extensively. Coffee consumption, usually reported in cups a day, is a heterogeneous measure due to numerous preparation methods and cup sizes, leading to misclassification. This paper develops a new ‘unit’ measure of coffee and uses coffee consumption data from a representative …

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Cross-sectional associations of schoolchildren s fruit and

Details: Health and Well-being Survey were associated with their self-reported mental well-being. The survey was commis-sioned by the Public Health department of Norfolk County Council and the Norfolk Safeguarding Chil-dren Board to gather information on health behaviours in primary and secondary school children in order to

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Food & mood: a review of supplementary prebiotic and

Details: broadly speaking, of mental health) is still developing, meaning it is vital to ensure our clinical approaches are multifaceted and evolving. The nascent field of ‘nutri-tional psychology’ could offer a way to enhance the efficacy of current treatments and/or provide novel treatments. Recent reviews exploring pre/probiotic supple-

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Plant-based dietary quality and depressive symptoms in

Details: Plant-based dietary patterns (vegan and vegetarian) are often considered ‘healthy’ and have been associated with broad health benefits, including decreased risk of obesity and ill health (cardiovascular disease, blood glucose and type II diabetes). However, the association between plant-based diets and mood disorders such as depression remains largely equivocal.

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Nutrition is a hard science BMJ Nutrition, Prevention

Details: ![Graphic][1] There have been a lot of questions about the reliability of nutritional science. We should respond with an assertive statement: Nutrition is a hard science. By just about any comparison, much of what is known about nutrition and the methods that have built that knowledge is as robust as classical physics, biochemistry and other basic sciences generally recognised as rigorous.

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Lifestyle medicine for type 2 diabetes: practice-based

Details: Subjective health parameters. Both self-perceived health and quality of life of responders were significantly higher at 24 months compared with baseline: self-perceived health increased by 0.4±1.5 (scale 1–10) (p<0.001) and quality of life increased by 0.3±1.3 (scale 1–10) (p=0.001).

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Modest effects of dietary supplements during the COVID-19

Details: Objectives Dietary supplements may ameliorate SARS-CoV-2 infection, although scientific evidence to support such a role is lacking. We investigated whether users of the COVID-19 Symptom Study app who regularly took dietary supplements were less likely to test positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Design App-based community survey. Setting 445 850 subscribers of an app that was launched to enable

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Personalised, population and planetary nutrition for

Details: Precision population nutrition. A number of policies and public efforts are being currently devoted to generate evidence for health promotion and disease risk reduction supported by food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) in order to instruct populations about healthy dietary habits.10 These messages are better interpreted than nutrient intakes only and easier to make recommendations on …

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Changes in nut consumption influence long-term weight

Details: Methods and findings Data collected in three prospective, longitudinal cohorts among health professionals in the US were analysed. We included 27 521 men (Health Professionals Follow-up Study, 1986 to 2010), 61 680 women (Nurses’ Health Study, 1986 to 2010), and 55 684 younger women (Nurses’ Health Study II, 1991 to 2011) who were free of chronic disease at baseline in the analyses.

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Sex and gender differences in childhood obesity

Details: BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health and females.32 33 In this case, it would be important to both report overall prevalence of obesity and also analyse the sociodemographic patterning of obesity separately for boys and girls. Of the studies that have investigated differ - ences, most focus on biological sex (male vs female) only.

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Random forest approach for determining risk prediction and

Details: A total of 168 206 data samples from 64 379 people who received annual health check-ups at Yamanashi Koseiren Healthcare Centre (Yamanashi, Japan) during April 1999 to March 2009, were included in this study. This annual check-up was performed based on a legal requirement imposed by the Industrial Safety and Health Act in Japan.

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Could we be overlooking a potential choline crisis in the

Details: Choline can be likened to omega-3 fatty acids in that it is an ‘essential’ nutrient that cannot be produced by the body in amounts needed for human requirements. The United States (US) Institute of Medicine (IOM)1 and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)2 recognise that choline plays an important role in the human body and have established dietary reference values.

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Vitamin D and SARS-CoV-2 virus/COVID-19 disease BMJ

Details: The spread of novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, and the disease COVID-19 that is caused by SARS-CoV-2, continues apace. Saving lives and slowing the worldwide pandemic remain of utmost importance to everyone: the public, healthcare professionals, scientists, industry and governments. It is absolutely essential that advice given to the public is evidence-based, accurate and timely; anything …

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Association between vitamin intake and respiratory

Details: This understanding is critical to developing short-term and long-term public health nutrition recommendations to help tackle respiratory complaints and reduce burden on healthcare systems. This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association between vitamins A, E, C and D intake from diet and supplements and the prevalence of respiratory

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Serum 25OHD concentration as a predictor of haemoglobin

Details: Methods Data for adults ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2003–2010) were included. A binary logistic regression was used for serum 25OHD (nmol/L) as a continuous variable to determine the OR and 95% CI for HbA1c >6.5%, adjusting for sex, race and body mass index (BMI).

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Literacy is power: structural drivers of child

Details: Additionally, the health facilities at which this study was conducted—J J Dossen Hospital and Pleebo Health Center—have been supported by the medical non-profit Partners In Health for over several years and have documented significant improvements in quality of services and clinical outcomes for various conditions.97 98 Many other

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COVID-19 illness in relation to sleep and burnout

Details: BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health these factors can help inform public health measures to support HCWs during the pandemic. Thus, we aimed to assess whether sleep habits and self-reported burnout may be risk factors for COVID-19 among at-risk HCWs. METHODS Study design and study population The present study was a population-based case–control

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Providing food to patients in primary care to induce

Details: Primary care is regarded as an ideal setting to support healthy eating and weight management,1 but notable barriers often prevent health professionals addressing nutrition and weight during routine care.8–10 The body of literature on this topic is notably small, with only four studies eligible for this review.21–24 There is clear

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Association between residential greenness and cognitive

Details: Introduction Proximity to vegetated green space has been linked to better physical and mental health. However, the relationship between residential greenness and cognitive function and its decline among older adults is not clear in large cohort studies. Methods Our study used the 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008 and 2011 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey.

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Genetic factors associated with obesity risks in a

Details: Introduction. Overweight and obesity (OO) are important public health problems worldwide. In 2014, the worldwide proportion of overweight and obese adults (18 years and older) were 39% and 13%, respectively.1 These figures have increased twofold since the 1980s and will continue to grow.1 The prevalence of OO is increasing in the Kazakhstani population as well.

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Effect of the COVID-19-induced lockdown on nutrition

Details: Background The COVID-19 is a global public health emergency resulting in lockdowns, associated diet and lifestyle changes and constrained public health delivery. Objective To investigate the impacts of the COVID-19-induced lockdown in Zimbabwe on nutrition, physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking among Zimbabwean population aged ≥18 years.

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Vietnam a country in transition: health challenges BMJ

Details: Vietnam is experiencing a significant change in its economic conditions, such a change has been accompanied by significant changes in the pattern of morbidity and mortality. The country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is increasing at a fast pace: from US$31 176 000 000 in 2000 to US$241 272 000 000 in 2018; and the country has experienced remarkable gains in combatting poverty and hunger.

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Tackling a tidal wave: sound nutrition knowledge today for

Details: The creation of this landmark journal—BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health—comes at a pivotal time, particularly as the NNEdPro Global Centre for Nutrition and Health has been working for the past decade to strengthen the translation potential of nutrition science for disease prevention and best healthcare practice. Over 2018 as we mark our

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Mitigating the global health threat of violent conflict: a

Details: Violent conflict: a major global health issue. Large-scale violent conflict is a global health concern of great magnitude. In line with well-established criteria of global health,11 such conflict transcends national boundaries; may be influenced by international circumstances or experiences; is best addressed through cooperative, multidisciplinary action; and has a substantial direct and

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Breastfeeding exposure is associated with better knowledge

Details: Increasing breastfeeding (BF) rates is a global public health priority.1 2 The health benefits of BF for both mother and infant are well established.3 The WHO and UNICEF recommend that infants should be exclusively breast fed for the first 6 months of life, with continued BF and complementary feeding up to 24 months or longer.4 Exclusive BF for

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Call for emergency action to limit global temperature

Details: health services research; outcome and process assessment; outcome assessment; health care; Wealthy nations must do much more, much faster. The United Nations General Assembly in September 2021 will bring countries together at a critical time for marshalling collective action to tackle the global environmental crisis.

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Knowledge synthesis and translation in global food and

Details: As highlighted in the global nutrition report (GNR) 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, there is increasing emphasis on the central role of nutrition in health and well-being.1 As the pandemic has challenged our food and health systems, the necessary measures to contain the spread of the disease have impacted and tested the food supply and agriculture sector. In the long term, if we fail to

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Responsibility for vitamin D supplementation of elderly

Details: Public health is classically defined as “the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts of society”.1 Arguably societies organise themselves more readily to improve the health of those in view. Those out of sight, including older adults in residential care settings, can often be

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Reference to nutrition in medical accreditation and

Details: The Accreditation Standards for Basic Medical Education in China stipulate that the medical school must, in the curriculum, ‘identify and incorporate the contributions of public health sciences’, including nutrition and food hygiene, ‘to develop students’ awareness of population health and disease prevention strategies, allowing them to

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