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Infant Care and Infant Health NICHD

Details: Much of this progress can be attributed to the application of research on infant health and care from NICHD. Since NICHD's founding in 1962, infant death rates in the United States have dropped significantly and many infant health outcomes have improved greatly. Much of this progress can be attributed to the application of research on infant

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health …

Details: Menstruation occurs between menarche (pronounced muh-NAHR-kee ), a girl's first period, and menopause, when menstrual cycles end. 1 The average menstruation time in normally menstruating women is about 5 days. 2 In the United States, most girls start menstruating shortly after 12 years of age. 3.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health …

Details: Health care providers recommend that certain pregnant women, including those who are older than 35 years of age and those with a family history of certain conditions, get additional prenatal tests to screen for birth defects. Prenatal detection allows doctors to start treatment as early as possible for some birth defects.

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What are some common outcomes of stroke & some …

Details: When a person is able to get to the hospital within a few hours of having a stroke, health care providers will treat a stroke with medications, surgery, or both, depending on the type of stroke. Medication for Ischemic …

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Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality

Details: During pregnancy, the mother’s health, environment, and experiences affect how her fetus develops and the course of the pregnancy. By taking good care of her own health before and during pregnancy, a mother can reduce her baby’s risk of many of the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States, including birth defects, preterm birth, low birth weight, …

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What are the symptoms of Fragile X syndrome

Details: People with Fragile X have some symptoms in common, including intellectual problems, physical features unique to this syndrome, behavioral challenges, speech and language problems, and sensory issues.

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About Learning Disabilities NICHD

Details: Learning disabilities affect how a person learns to read, write, speak, and do math. They are caused by differences in the brain, most often in how it functions but also sometimes in its structure. These differences affect the way the brain processes information.1

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Office of Education NICHD

Details: The program in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at NICHD is a combined federal program, conducted together with the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, and the National Naval Medical Center. It is a 3-year program accredited through the ACGME. Endocrinology and Metabolism

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Science Update: NIH-funded researchers explore …

Details: The diabetes drug metformin is associated with higher rates of genital birth defects among boys when taken by fathers during the three-month window prior to conception, according to a study funded by NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).The findings come from an extensive analysis of health …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and …

Details: The infant mortality rate—that is, the number of infant deaths out of every 1,000 live births—is an important factor in understanding a population’s overall health because many factors that contribute to infant deaths also affect the health of everyone in a population. 1 For example, access to medicine, trained healthcare providers, clean

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What health issues or conditions are specific to women only

Details: Women experience unique health issues and conditions, from pregnancy and menopause to gynecological conditions, such as uterine fibroids and pelvic floor disorders. The health topics listed below affect women only. Some other conditions affect men too but affect women primarily or more severely. Because women’s health is so broad, these health topics …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and …

Details: Gum disease (periodontal disease), a more serious health issue, may develop for a number of reasons, including poor oral hygiene. Health care providers recommend visiting the dentist within 6 months of the appearance of the child's first tooth or by the time the child is 1 year old. 8; Epilepsy. Children with Down syndrome are more likely to

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Science Update: Placental inflammation could explain link between …

Details: The increase in pregnancy complications linked to air pollution exposure could result from the pollutants’ direct effects on the placenta, suggests a study in mice funded by the National Institutes of Health. Placentas of mice exposed to a mixture of common urban air pollutants before and during pregnancy were inflamed and had a loss of blood vessel cells. …

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Summary Minutes – May 2-3, 2022 NICHD

Details: Alicia Ross, M.P.A., Program Analyst, Health Program Specialist, NCMRR. The NIH Research Plan on Rehabilitation (RPR) (PDF 1.51 MB) report-out is usually done at the December Board meeting, but there were delays in closing out data because of the NIH continuing resolutions and the COVID-19 pandemic. This mini-update was designed to complement

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What causes Fragile X syndrome

Details: Fragile X results from a change or mutation in the Fragile X Messenger Ribonucleoprotein 1 (FMR1) gene, which is found on the X chromosome. The gene normally makes a protein, called FMRP, that is important for creating and maintaining connections between cells in the brain and nervous system.

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What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or

Details: If you are concerned that you or your sexual partner may have an STI, talk to your health care provider. Even if you do not have symptoms, it is possible you may have an STI that needs treatment to ensure your and your partners’ sexual health. Citations Open Citations. NIH …

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Media Advisory: Unique binding of Delta variant may explain high

Details: Unlike other SARS-CoV-2 variants, the Delta variant can attach to copies of itself, forming larger aggregations, or clumps, of viral particles, suggests a study by scientists at the National Institutes of Health. The researchers theorize that this linking property may have played a role in the ability of the Delta variant to spread more rapidly than all the variants that …

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What are the symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)

Details: In NEC, some of the tissue lining an infant’s intestine becomes diseased and can die. The bacteria in the infant’s intestine can then penetrate the dead or decaying intestinal tissue, infect the wall of the intestine, and enter the bloodstream, causing systemic or …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and …

Details: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDDs) IDDs are a primary focus of NICHD’s research support. IDDs include disabilities and disorders that affect the nervous system, metabolism, and cell function and survival. NICHD supports and conducts research to understand the causes and effects of IDDs and to help identify effective therapies

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Media Advisory: Depression, loneliness associated with increased

Details: About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Grants & Contracts NICHD

Details: NICHD uses grants and contracts to support research on topics related to its mission. This research is conducted by universities and other academic research centers in the United States and abroad. The institute also supports a variety of training and career development opportunities at NICHD and at other institutions.

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Training in the Division of Population Health Research (DiPHR)

Details: DiPHR's mission is to design and conduct original and collaborative research in reproductive, perinatal, and pediatric health. It offers opportunities in postdoctoral, predoctoral, and postbaccalaureate research.

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Science Update: Hormone prevents obesity in offspring of …

Details: Giving the hormone adiponectin to pregnant mice with obesity prevented later life obesity and related health conditions in their offspring, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that adiponectin, a hormone produced by fat cells, could play a role in reducing the lifelong obesity risk of children born to mothers with …

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Science Update: Computerized assessment may identify new …

Details: New drivers who performed poorly on a computerized driving simulator were more likely to fail their road test, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that the virtual driving assessment—which mimics situations in which new drivers are more likely to crash—can identify drivers lacking the skills to avoid crashes so they can …

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Breastfeeding and Breast Milk NICHD

Details: Breastfeeding provides an infant with essential calories, vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients for optimal growth, health, and development. Breastfeeding is beneficial to both a mother and her infant and also offers an important opportunity for the pair to bond. NICHD supports many areas of breastfeeding research, including studies of the benefits of …

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NICHD Publications Listing NICHD

Details: The PregSource ®: Crowdsourcing to Understand Pregnancy research project aims to get information about the pregnancy experience directly from pregnant women.By answering online questions about their health, pregnant women can help inform pregnancy care for generations to come. This postcard provides a way for pregnant women to take PregSource ® information …

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What are the treatments for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)

Details: It is important to alert the health care provider if these symptoms appear so that he or she can adjust the medication dose. Nonclassic CAH People with nonclassic CAH may not need treatment if they do not have symptoms. Individuals with symptoms are given low doses of the same cortisol replacing medication taken by people with classic CAH.

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Media Advisory: Changes in brain’s visual areas in infancy may …

Details: About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes

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Spotlight: Women in Science: Dr. Claire Le Pichon and the …

Details: With two children and two labs to run in the Le Pichon-Chesler household, balancing family life with career can be a challenge. Sharing the household work is key to keeping life running smoothly, says Dr. Le Pichon, although she acknowledges that an even division of childcare responsibilities is easier now that the children are older and more self-sufficient.

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What health problems can develop during pregnancy

Details: Regular prenatal visits help the health care provider identify potential health problems early and take steps to manage them, to protect the health of the mother and the developing fetus. Being aware of the symptoms of these conditions and getting regular prenatal care can prevent health problems and help you get treatment as early as possible.

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National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Details: The public health crisis driven by the coronavirus (COVID -19) pandemic has intensely highlighted the crucial role of biomedical research to improve human health. By March 2022, the pandemic caused more than 78 million confirmed cases and over 950,000 associated deaths in the United States, with more than five times these figures globally.

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Science Update: Pre-pregnancy obesity may increase child asthma …

Details: Maternal obesity before pregnancy may increase the risk of asthma in early childhood, suggests a study by the National Institutes of Health. Children born to mothers with obesity were more likely than those born to mothers without obesity to have persistent wheezing, an indication of asthma.

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NIH / National Advisory Child Health and Human …

Details: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES . NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH . NATIONAL ADVISORY CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL . ROSTER (ALL TERMS END 11/30) CHAIRPERSON BIANCHI, Diana W., M.D. Director . Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development . National Institutes of …

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Science Update: Placental genetic material in maternal blood could

Details: A new method to detect genetic material from the placenta in the blood of pregnant people could potentially identify the risk for gestational, or pregnancy-related, diabetes in the first trimester, suggests a small study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

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