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Health & Disease Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Welcome to the Micronutrient Information Center’s Health & Disease pages! Here you’ll find overviews of nutrition research as related to specific health conditions. We’ve added more summaries and infographics in this section to make it easier to read.

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Bone Health In Brief Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: Bone health is intrinsically linked to calcium (and phosphorus) metabolism. Calcium concentrations in the blood must be maintained within a very narrow concentration range to preserve normal physiological functions (e.g., muscle contraction, nerve impulse conduction, constriction and relaxation of …

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Micronutrients for Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: The Micronutrients for Health handout lists all the vitamins and nutritionally essential minerals and their functions, some common dietary sources, and the intake recommendations set by the Institute of Medicine. This is often referred to as the Recommended Dietary Allowance or RDA. However, based on the scientific evidence reviewed on the

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Immunity In Brief Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: According to the World Health Organization, more than one-third of the world’s underprivileged, preschool-age children (80 percent living in Asia, 15 percent in Africa, and 5 percent in Latin America) are affected by PEM; this malnutrition stunts physical growth …

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Micronutrients and Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: Micronutrients and Health. Select a topic from the list for more information. Bone Health. Cognitive Function. Immunity. Inflammation. Multivitamin/mineral Supplements. Skin Health. Vitamin A.

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Osteoporosis Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: The World Health Organization (WHO) defines osteoporosis as a condition characterized by the deterioration of bone micro-architectural structure and the loss of bone mass, leading to bone fragility and increased susceptibility to fracture (see Diagnosis ). Osteoporosis is primarily …

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Older Adults Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: The World Health Organization recommends an acceptable macronutrient distribution range (AMDR) for omega-6 fatty acid intake of 6-11% of energy and for omega-3 fatty acid intake of 0.5-2% of energy . Their AMDR for EPA plus DHA is 0.250-2 g/day (the upper limit applying to the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease ).

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Cholesterol Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Cholesterol is a type of lipid that is essential for health. It is required to make bile acids (necessary for the absorption of dietary fat and fat-soluble vitamins), steroid compounds (such as estrogen, androgen, and vitamin D), and cell membranes (which encase every cell in the body).

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F ALL/WINTER 2007 The Linus Pauling Institute

Details: “preventive health care is the future of medicine,” and he has made “realizing fundamental contributions in the life sciences and optimizing the health and well-being of the public”one of the University’s strategic goals for the 21st century. The lead gift for the building of $20 million was provided

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FaLL/wInTer 2013 Oregon State University TheLinus Pauling

Details: Institutes of Health) • Richard Deckelbaum (Columbia University) reviewed the health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids, commonly consumed in fish and fish oil supplements. Two important omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are inefficiently synthesized in the body from another dietary omega-3 fatty acid,

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Colorectal Cancer Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Mechanisms by which fiber may exert health benefits on the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems include glycemic control, cholesterol and blood pressure lowering, and regulation of stool consistency and elimination. Cancer-specific. Fiber consumption may protect the digestive tract by reducing exposure of the mucosa to carcinogens.

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Micronutrients for Health

Details: Micronutrients for Health isted below are all the vitamins and nutritionally essential minerals and their functions, some common dietary sources, and the intake recommendations set by the Institute of Medicine. The Linus Pauling Institute’s recommendations are noted when different. All recommendations are for adults 19 years and older

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Cognitive Function In Brief Linus Pauling Institute

Details: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps maintain calcium and phosphorus balance, promotes bone health, regulates immune function, and influences cell growth and development. Cognition-specific The vitamin D receptor, which mediates most actions of vitamin D, is present in neuronal and glial cells in almost all regions of the brain and

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Isothiocyanates Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: The Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center provides scientific information on the health aspects of dietary factors and supplements, food, and beverages for the general public. The information is made available with the understanding that the author and publisher are not providing medical, psychological, or nutritional

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Heart Attack Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Beneficial health effects associated with fiber consumption include: satiety, gastrointestinal health, colonic health, and cardiovascular health. Heart attack-specific. Fiber may benefit cardiovascular health by decreasing serum cholesterol, influencing blood glucose and …

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Minerals and Skin Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: See the Skin Health Overview article. Summary. While each essential mineral has a role in normal skin development and function, few have been studied in the context of optimal skin health; this article highlights the existing research on zinc and selenium. (More information) Minerals are found in the skin as essential components of various enzymes and inside a special metal-binding protein

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Flavonoids and Skin Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: 日本語. See the Skin Health Overview article. Summary. Due to first-pass metabolism in the digestive tract and liver, dietary flavonoids are extensively modified before reaching the skin. (More information) Topical application of flavonoids is a successful way to achieve pharmacological levels of parent compounds in the skin; however, chemical composition of topical formulations greatly

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Phytosterols Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: In the US, FDA-authorized health claims on food labels specify that the daily dietary intake of plant sterol (≥1.3 g/day) or stanol esters (≥3.4 g/day) that has been associated with a reduced risk of heart disease should be consumed in two servings eaten at different times of the day with other foods, as part of a diet low in saturated fat

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Vitamin C and Skin Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: See the Skin Health Overview article. Overview. The antioxidant properties of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and its role in collagen synthesis make vitamin C a vital molecule for skin health. Dietary and topical ascorbic acid have beneficial effects on skin cells, and some studies have shown that vitamin C may help prevent and treat ultraviolet (UV)-induced photodamage.

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Choline Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Linus Pauling Institute Recommendation. Little is known regarding the amount of dietary choline required to promote optimum health or prevent chronic diseases in humans. The Linus Pauling Institute supports the recommendation by the Food and Nutrition Board of …

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Endothelial Dysfunction Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: The Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center provides scientific information on the health aspects of dietary factors and supplements, food, and beverages for the general public. The information is made available with the understanding that the author and publisher are not providing medical, psychological, or nutritional

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Vitamin E and Skin Health Linus Pauling Institute

Details: See the Skin Health Overview article. Overview. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant that is essential for the maintenance of healthy skin. Naturally occurring vitamin E is not a single compound; instead, vitamin E is a group of molecules with related structures, some of which may have unique properties in skin.

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Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: The Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center is a source for scientifically accurate information regarding the roles of vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals (plant chemicals that may affect health), and other dietary factors, including some food and beverages, in preventing disease and promoting health.

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Lignans Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: However, an analysis of a 4.8-year trial that investigated the health effects of a Mediterranean diet in 7,172 older adults at high risk for cardiovascular disease (the PREDIMED trial in Spain) revealed that those in the highest quintile of lignan intake (mean of 0.94 mg/day) had a 40% lower risk of all-cause mortality compared to the lowest

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Vitamin E and Prostate Cancer in Healthy Men Linus

Details: Vitamin E is an important micronutrient, and meeting daily recommendations is critical for optimum health. The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of vitamin E for adult men and women is 22.5 IU per day. Notably, more than 90% of individuals aged 2 years and older in the U.S. do not meet the daily requirement for vitamin E from food sources alone.

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Garlic Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Garlic is a particularly rich source of organosulfur compounds, which are thought to be responsible for its flavor and aroma, as well as its potential health benefits . Consumer interest in the health benefits of garlic is strong enough to place it among the best-selling herbal supplements in the United States .

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Soy Isoflavones Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Some health effects of soy may be dependent on one’s capacity to convert the isoflavone daidzein to equol during digestion. (More information) The results of observational studies suggest that higher intakes of soy foods early in life may decrease the risk of breast cancer in adulthood.

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Bone Health In Depth Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: 日本語. See also the Health & Disease Pages: Bone Health In Brief and Osteoporosis.Take our continuing education course, "Micronutrients and Bone Health."Summary. The skeleton is a dynamic organ, comprised of tissue and cells in …

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Stomach Cancer Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Health policies aiming to reduce salt consumption are effective to save lives that would be lost to stomach cancer . Striving to reduce salt intake to the recommended levels lower one's risk for stomach cancer. DEFINITIONS Electrolytes - charged particles (called ions) that are constituents of all living cells and tissues. Major electrolytes in

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Phosphorus Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Adverse health outcomes have been associated with normal serum phosphorus concentrations, suggesting that in individuals with adequate kidney function, the measurement of tightly controlled serum phosphorus levels may misrepresent the detrimental effect of high dietary phosphorus intake (see High serum phosphorus concentrations in the general population).

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Whole Grains Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 reported mean whole-grain intakes of 0.57 oz-eq/day in children and adolescents and 0.82 oz-eq/day in adults .Approximately 40% of Americans consume no whole grains, and only 2.9% of children/adolescents and 7.7% of adults consume ≥3 oz-eq/day of whole grains .In view of the potential health benefits of increasing

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Legumes Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Cognitive health. Some studies have linked adherence to either the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating pattern or a Mediterranean-style diet (78, 80-82) with better overall cognitive function in healthy older adults. Legumes are one of many components included in these dietary patterns that might contribute to this purported

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Healthcare Professional Continuing Education Courses

Details: Micronutrients and Bone Health Description: This course covers many aspects of bone biology, including bone structure and physiology, bone formation and remodeling, the determinants of adult bone health, and the consequences of age-related bone loss. The primary focus of the course is to discuss the roles of micronutrients in achieving and

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Micronutrients for Health

Details: Micronutrients for Health isted below are all the vitamins and nutritionally essential minerals and their functions, some common dietary sources, and the intake recommendations supported by the National Academy of Medicine. Vitamin A (Retinol) • Essential for normal vision and immune function • Needed for cell growth and development

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Chromium Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Health claims Increases muscle mass. Claims that chromium supplementation increases lean body mass and decreases body fat are based on the relationship between chromium and insulin action (see Function). In addition to regulating glucose metabolism, insulin is …

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Molybdenum Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: Thus, molybdenum-dependent enzymes are not only required for human health, but also for the health of our ecosystem. Function The biological form of the molybdenum atom is an organic molecule known as the molybdenum cofactor (Moco) present in the active site of Moco-containing enzymes (molybdoenzymes) (2) .

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Linus Pauling Day 2021 Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: Vitamin C and Health: New Frontiers. 50 years ago, Dr. Linus Pauling revealed to the world the marvels of vitamin C. Today, vitamin C discoveries are still being made. At this online event, experts from around the world will discuss the latest vitamin C health research with highlights on the immune system and cancer treatment.

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Carotenoids Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: β-Cryptoxanthin. Like α- and β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin is a provitamin A carotenoid. The vitamin A activity of β-cryptoxanthin from food was estimated to be 1 ⁄ 24 that of retinol, so it would take 24 µg of β-cryptoxanthin from food to provide the equivalent of 1 µg of retinol. Orange and red fruit and vegetables like sweet red peppers and oranges are particularly rich sources of

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Manganese Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State University

Details: The daily intake of manganese most likely to promote optimum health is not known. Following the Linus Pauling Institute’s recommendation to take a multivitamin/mineral supplement containing 100% of the daily values ( DV) of most nutrients will generally provide 2.3 mg/day of manganese.

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Phytochemicals Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: While there is ample evidence to support the health benefits of diets rich in fruit, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts, evidence that these effects are due to specific nutrients or phytochemicals is limited. Because plant-based foods are complex mixtures of bioactive compounds, information on the potential health effects of individual

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Childhood Nutrition and Exercise in Elementary Schools

Details: Childhood obesity has become a public health epidemic in the United States. Results from the 2007-2008 NHANES surveys indicate that an estimated 17% of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years are obese compared to only 5% in 1971.

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CHEF Project Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: Serving Lincoln, Linn and Benton Counties. The CHEF Project is a three-year grant awarded to the Coast to the Cascades Community Wellness Network to implement the Culinary Health Education and Fitness (CHEF) Project in three counties in western Oregon. The overarching goal of the CHEF Project is to assist the children and families of Lincoln, east Linn and rural Benton counties attain higher

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Pregnancy and Lactation Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: Maternal Micronutrient Requirements During Lactation. Breast-feeding confers health benefits to the child, as well as the mother .Breast milk is the ideal source of nutrition for the infant and also contains a number of bioactive compounds important in immunity, such as antibodies, cytokines, antimicrobial agents, and oligosaccharides .The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive

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Exploring the benefits of hops Linus Pauling Institute

Details: Health care from obesity and related disorders account for up to 10 percent of money the U.S. spends on health care. To help combat this rising tide, researchers at the Linus Pauling Institute have identified a compound from hops that significantly improve markers of metabolic syndrome and reduced weight gain. Dr. Fred Stevens and his team at

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Resveratrol Linus Pauling Institute Oregon State

Details: The Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center provides scientific information on the health aspects of dietary factors and supplements, food, and beverages for the general public. The information is made available with the understanding that the author and publisher are not providing medical, psychological, or nutritional

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Research Newsletter Linus Pauling Institute Oregon

Details: LPI Fitness and Nutrition Study. Nutrition and Immunity, Part 2. Spring/Summer 2010 ( PDF ) Dr. Adrian Gombart on Vitamin D. Nutrition and Immunity, Part 1. Epigenetics. Vitamin E. Earlier editions (pre-2010) of the Research Newsletter are available upon request.

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Nutrition experts: Debate over value of vitamin, mineral

Details: According to the World Health Organization, more than 650,000 children under the age of five die around the world every year from deficiency in vitamin A. And the potential for vitamins and other micronutrients to help reduce or prevent chronic disease continues to show promise. One of the longest, largest controlled studies ever done, the

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Micronutrient Inadequacies: the Remedy Linus Pauling

Details: The Physicians’ Health Study II (PHS II) — the longest (median of 11.2 years) and largest randomized controlled trial in healthy individuals to date — found MVM supplementation increased the risk of only two minor adverse effects: skin rashes and epistaxis (nosebleeds) .

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Chlorophyll and Chlorophyllin Linus Pauling Institute

Details: The Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center provides scientific information on the health aspects of dietary factors and supplements, food, and beverages for the general public. The information is made available with the understanding that the author and publisher are not providing medical, psychological, or nutritional

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